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Death court member identified by opposition Print E-mail

 

 Based on the information from the Iranian web site (Pezhvakiran.com), this is the picture of Morteza Eshraghi, member of the death kangaroo courts responsible for the execdution of thousands of political prisoners in Iran.

 

Who is he?  The following is from www.iranhumanity.com

Morteza Eshraghi8



Name: Morteza

Last Name: Eshraghi

POSITION IN 1988:
Tehran Prosecutor and chair of the death committee in Tehran

CURRENT POSITION:
Justice of the Supreme Court

CHARGES RELATED TO THE MASSACRE OF POLITICAL PRISONERS IN IRAN IN 1988:

-1 The Chief Prosecutor of Tehran and the head of the death committee in Tehran .He was appointed by Khomeini

-2 Along with other members of the death committee, Eshraghi is responsible for issuing execution verdicts for at least 10,000 political prisoners during the massacre.

REMARKS:

Many individuals who were in prison during the massacre and closely witnessed Eshraghi's role are ready to serve as witnesses and testify in an international court.

Similarly, several former members of the Intelligence Ministry and former employees of Evin prison are ready to serve as eyewitness and testify in an international court. One of these witnesses personally attended a meeting at which the procedures for implementing Khomeini's order were discussed.

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The following is a translation of the info in Iraj Mesdaghi's web site:

What you [will be] reading is what we’ve extracted from a comprehensive and detailed report. Its writer and online publisher is Iraj Mesdaghi whose web address we’ve included at the end of this article. The writer of this report was determined to clarify some ambiguities about the names of those involved but in our opinion, this causes some mix-up of information pertaining to the torturers and interrogators which needs to be made public—and it is for this reason we aimed to extract and publish this part of the data. Naturally, Mr. Mesdaghi’s report would have had some more credibility if pictures of the mentioned torturers had also been included.

1. Hossein Attar. Informatics manager and adviser of Parliamentary affairs, and Voice and Vision (state media) regions. A Ministry of Intelligence agent, active in terrorism outside the country, he is one of the escaped suspects connected to the terror case of Shahpour Bakhtiari.

His brother’s name is Alireza Shaikh-Attar who for while was editor-in-chief of Hamshahri newspaper and a member of the Expediency Council’s Center for Strategic Studies. Currently he is the Islamic Republic of Iran’s ambassador to Germany.

2. Asghar Fazel. From 1360 he was one of the vicious interrogators at Evin Prison’s Section 7. One of his personal characteristics is that he always wore a white skull-cap. It is said that he afterwards became a member of the Shahid Beheshti University’s Science Association (Melli Sabeq), but we don’t know about the accuracy or inaccuracy of this. However, we know that he got promoted and held a position in the country’s Supreme Court.

3. The posting of Haj Karbalaei’s name on the Main Office of Tehran Province Prisons’ website on 27 Mordad 1386 happened because some of his former political prisoners identified him and wrote information pertaining to him. Haj Mehdi Karbalaei was Evin Prison’s interior adviser alongside people like the Hosseinzadeh brothers, Haj Jowharifard (who goes by the alias Mahdavi) and everyone belonged to the Lajevardi Group; they held supervising and training positions on different types of tortures and were active in the torturing and firing squad of prisoners.

In addition to various kinds of abuse, impudicity, and depravities, Haj Karbalaei many times proposed temporary marriage to the mothers and sisters of prisoners in exchange for the release of their loved ones.

A sister of one of the prisoners [who had been executed] by fire squad years later wrote, “When I took note of the tortures on the body of an executed brother, I complained to Haj Karbalaei, and he with such conceit and ridicule said, ‘Don’t worry about the marks of torture on his body, we fired shots on those very marks.”’

Karbalaei and a number of baazaris belonging to the Lajevardi Group such as Haj Shirini, Nasser Aghaei, Haj Morad and Abbas Teymouri were in charge of the Evin facility and in this way every week would pocket some money. Haj Karbalaei until 1384 was occupied with his job as Evin’s interior director in the subjugation of political prisoners. Political prisoners from Row 320 of the Evin Prison in their response to the claims made by the prosecutor’s adviser (26 Azar 1384) described how the Regime’s tighkeshan and Revolutionary Guards attacked and harassed political prisoners as well as confiscated their property; they mentioned Karbalaei’s name along with Habib Abbasi (in charge of Evin Prison’s intelligence security) and Yousefi (in charge of intelligence and custody at Evin Prison). Karbalaei then was presented as head of the Fardis Prison in Karaj. He exploited prisoners by building a factory in prison and giving them meager wages.

The Main Office of Tehran Province Prisons’ website presents him as someone “from the Revolutionary generation” and “the generation which was always in line with and contiguous with the Islamic movement”. He currently has “a heavy load of experience in managing prisons, and is in charge of the Fardis Penitentiary” (27 Mordad 1386).

4. Haj Mehdi Karbalaei in prison was only known as “Haj Mehdi”. Nobody knew his last name and in the prisoners’ report he is also referred to as “Haj Mehdi”. He in 1360 (1981) was twenty years old; he had a white complexion, was bright-colored hair and thin. Sly and reserved, he slowly and carefully weighed his words. He would mostly take part in floggings and other abuses, but would draw the real line of conflict with the prisoners and would file (false) cases against them at the Interrogations Division. He became a guard associated with one of the people in charge of Evin’s “Lab” and he had an active role in the 1988 killings. Whether in the Lajevardis’ heyday, or in the period of reform in the prisons, or afterwards, Karbalaei belonged to the (exclusive) group of prison warden and would guard his place.

5. Jalil Bandeh (Uncle Jalil). A torturer, Lajevardi guard, and tirkhalas zan (sniper?) at Evin Prison was killed on the frontlines of the Iran-Iraq war in 1361 (1982).

6. Mujtaba Halvaei Asgar. One of the most vicious and crooked guards at Evin Prison who afterwards became consultant on the prison’s security and patrol. He played a very active role in the 1367 (1988) killings. He in 1989 left Evin Prison and later we heard that he was one of the executives of Tea World Co. Mujtaba Halvaei was one of the legal guards, and never took part in interrogations or in interrogations of the Tudehs.

7. Morteza Salehi (Sobhi). Head of the Gowhardasht Prison from 1361 (1982)-1363 (1984) and he is accused of many crimes during this period.

8. “Mujtaba” in 1361 (1982) and 1362 (1983) was an interrogator and in charge of the Tudehs in detention. Thanks to Revolutionary Guard intelligence, some Tudehs were arrested and their interrogations done by joint Committees were supervised by the Revolutionary Guards.

9. Mujtaba Mehrab Beigi. Third person who in Evin Prison was famously known as “Uncle Mujtaba”. He also was a Lajevardi guard, torturer, and tirkhalas (sniper?). He also in 1361 (1982) was killed on the frontlines. The street adjacent to the Imam Hossein Mosque in Tehran’s Imam Hossein Sqaure is named after him.

10. Morteza Eshraghi. Islamic Republic Public Prosecutor in Tehran and previously held the same position in Isfahan. He (a member of the three-person team involved in the 1367 prison killings) was and is not a cleric. Even Raeesi and Nasserian who are clerics, never wore their clerical garb whenever they visited the prison, especially during the 1367 killings. Morteza Eshraghi also now has a law office in Tehran. The address is Villa Avenue, on the corner of Sepand Avenue.

11. Majid Quddusi. Not related to Ayatollah Quddusi and known only by this one name. He hails from the Ab Mangul district in southeast Tehran. Since the administrators of that area’s prisons came from his neighborhood, after the victory of the Revolution he entered Qasr Prison. One of my friends related that “One night after the football game in our neighborhood was over, we were asked to volunteer to participate in the execution squads and that we go to Qasr Prison. Majid Quddusi was one of the people who that night went to Qasr Prison and stayed.” He afterwards was transferred to Evin Prison and after some time became in charge of Evin Section 325. In Fall 1360 (1981) he became in charge of the “Lab’s Office”. He then found a job as the public prosecutor’s assistant, and he would interview prisoners (on or close to) their date of release. During the 1367 killings he was in charge of beating up prisoners at Evin.

Quddusi after the 1367 killings, while a member of Iran’s Football Federation and head of the committee organizing football games, he also became in charge of Azadi Stadium. Along with his “legal” jobs, he is now one of the people heading Tehran’s Kowsar football team. Mehdi Arbabi is also one of the executives of Tehran’s Kowsar Football team.

Some of the people mistaken Majid Quddusi as the son of Ayatollah Quddusi one of the Revolution’s former public prosecutor, when in fact Ayatollah Quddusi has no son named Majid. He fathered two sons, one of which was killed in the war and other is currently not active in prison affairs.

12. Saeed Eslami. One of the chief interrogators at Evin Prison’s Section 7 who had an important role in the torturing and killing of Mujahidin prisoners. He is one of the most famous and ruthless interrogators at Evin. One of my friends who in 1362 (1983) saw Eslami related that he was seen clean-shaven and wearing nice clothes. My friend said that if he saw Eslami outside prison, it would have been impossible to recognize that he was Eslami. My friend, along with some other people who were going to be executed, were summoned to Section 7 and there Eslami gave them permission to remove their blindfolds so that they can look at him. My friend was the only person from that group of prisoners left alive. Eslami after Lajevardi’s resignation was head of the public prosecutors public relations unit, moving on to manage the prosecutor’s affairs, and finally in 1370 he became head of customs at Mehrabad Airport.

13. Saeed Emami. After serving as security aide at the Ministry of Intelligence, in 1368 (1989) then introduced himself as “Eslami”. Saeed Emami in his first years at the Ministry of Intelligence was active in the counterintelligence department (for outside the country) and after the internal reforms at the Ministry of Intelligence he became security aide.

These two people were never in the domestic security system at the same time. When Eslami was the god of Evin’s Section 7, Saeed Emami was in America and still was not in contact with the intelligence machine. When Saeed Emami first became involved in the security and intelligence system, Eslami did not hold a position in security and was busy with his pilfering at Mehrabad Airport customs.

14. Shaikh Mohammad Moqisehi, whose alias is Nasserian, was one of the interrogators and torturers at Evin’s Section 3 during the early 1980s and in the 1364 he became the Ghezelsar prison warden’s aide. During the Summer 1988 killings of prisoners at the Gowhardasht prison, he had an active and key presence. In addition to his post as aide and being well-known by the prisoners, he was supervisor of the Gowhardasht prison. He hails from Moqiseh, a village far from the suburbs of Davarzan in Sabzevar. This village based upon the 1385 census has a population of 644 people. The name of this city in historical (records) also was known as Moqitheh. For this reason his family in many places was known as Moqithehi but in fact the correct (spelling) is Moqisehi. Nasserian’s father, based upon accounts we heard, held a (high) rank in the gendarmerie, and more than ten people from his family were killed in the war or by the Mujahidin. Nasserian is now a judge at the Islamic Revolution Court on Moallem Street.

15. His brother was also the Islamic Revolution public prosecutor in Mashad who in the 1988 killings played an important role in the killing of prisoners in Mashad. He also for a while was deputy head of the Martyr’s Foundation.

16. Hojjatoleslam Nasseri whose real name is Ansari Najafabadi, was Ayatollah Montazeri’s representative in the prisons, and he did not have a role in the repression and even tried to help improve (living) conditions in the prisons. At Evin Prison in Ordibehesht 1367, Nasseri summoned five people from Row 1 (elected by the other prisoners) and warned them that the Regime was plotting against political prisoners and wanted to tell the prisoners not to give the Regime an excuse (to kill them). These warnings at that time were not well received by the prisoners.

17. Nasseri. A soldier in Evin’s Section 3 was tall and had a loud voice, he also had black hair and beard.

18. Seyed Kazem Kazemi. A founder of the Islamic Republic’s intelligence system and headed the unit on leftist groups at Revolutionary Guards’ intelligence during the darkest days of the country’s contemporary history. He and Hedayat headed one of the most secret intelligence unit in the country, his hands drenched with the blood of Iran’s most noble sons. Because of criminal accusations against him, he quickly became deputy commander of the Revolutionary Guards. As one of the people in charge of Evin’s Section 209 and Towhid Prison, Kazemi was the Regime’s most key torturers in Tehran. Kazemi was born in 1336 in the Aradan district of Garmsar and in 1355 with the intention to continue his studies he went to Texas, and there he became a member of the Islamic Association of Texas. He after the victory of the Islamic Revolution returned home and was dispatched to Kurdistan to take part in the crackdown on Kurds. In 1364 while visiting military forces in the Talayeh warzone, a bullet hit Kazemi in the back and he died.

19. Mostafa Kazemi (alias Mousavi) was executive manager at the Ministry of Intelligence and was the second person involved in the famous case of the “Serial Murders”. Mostafa Kazemi began his work at the Revolutionary Guards’ intelligence in Shiraz. His job there was also related to that of Alireza Alavi’s. Kazemi in his connection to the “Serial Murders” was arrested. Nobody knew what happened to him. The many rumors about him for example suggested that he left the country and was then extradited to Iran by the Ministry of Intelligence. It is arguable that these accuracies and inaccuracies are ambiguous. The murders of priests, the bomb explosion at the Imam Reza Shrine in Mashad and blaming the Mujahidin for it are some of his deeds. He would go by the alias “Mousavi” when doing interviews with newspapers.

20. Haj Davood Rahmani. Born in the 1320s, he was an ironsmith who after the Revolution found his way in the Islamic Revolutionary Committee and later Evin, and afterwards he became warden of the Ghazahsar Prison in the summer of 1360 and remained at this post until July 1984. After being discharged, he returned to Evin and was active in the prison’s administration and the Division for Released Persons. Afterwards he returned to his old job. In recent years he changed his career and along with his sons went back to the shop where he made doors and windows, and sold bath material for buildings. His shop is located in Sarasyab Dolab, Motor Ab, in Southeast Tehran. In prison as well in prison accounts he was known as “Haj Davood”.

21. Davood Lashgari. A simple Evin guard was transferred to Gowhardasht Prison in 1982. After some time he became head of shifts at Gowhardasht, and there he assisted in the torturing of prisoners in interrogations quarters. Afterwards he was the prison’s deputy of security and patrol and had a special role in the beating and abusing of prisoners in 1987. He was also one of the key agents in the confrontation with and segregation of prisoners in the fall of 1987. Lashgari also played a special role in the 1988 killings. In some prisoner accounts he is known as “Haj Davood” and “Davood Lashgari”.

Anytime “Haj Davood” is mentioned in discourse about Gowhardasht Prison it refers to Davood Lashgari, and anytime “Haj Davood” is mentioned in discourse about Ghezelsar Prison it refers to Davood Rahmani.

22. Mousa Vaezi (alias Zamani). One of the people in charge of Evin intelligence, he was one of the planners of the 1988 killings. He until before the killings was not well-known, but after 1988 his disputes with the prisoners who lost their lives began. He was a student at the Polytechnic in Tehran. From his disputes it was clear that he was a sharp and complex agent. He after the 1988 killings and before the “Pishva” appointment (who for a long time headed Evin’s Section 1 interrogations) was in charge of Evin Prison.

23. Zamani. From 1363 to 1364, and after the reforms in prison, he had a key role in the disputes with prisoners pertaining to the placement of their names on the clemency list and or lessening their sentences. I don’t know whether or not his name is a pseudonym, but he was the one active in the 1988 killings. I also have no information on his background. But after the commissions sent to the prisons from the Judiciary’s Supreme Council he acquired considerable power and after 1364 had not been seen in prison.

24. Mousavi. Cultural charge d’affaires in Evin Prison, Ghezelsar, and Gowhardasht from 1362-1363. He was a cleric and I don’t if Mousavi was his name or pseudonym. He hailed from Zanjan and claimed that he found two hundred inconsistencies in Marxism. He would form classes in prison and his programs were broadcast via Video Central to the prisoners. According to him, before having a job in prison, he was one of the people in charge of Construction Jihad in Zanjan.

25. Mousavi Dadyar. He lived in Gorgan Street, Kaveh Street and after the restructuring in 1363 he became a legal assistant in Ghezelsar Prison. “Mousavi Dadyar” is his real name and after a while was also transferred to Qasr Prison where Nasserian and Arab succeeded him.

This information was taken from a report published on Iraj Mesdaghi’s website and we hope that in our summary was of necessary detail. To read the full report, please visit www.irajmesdaghi.com
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